Year : 2021  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 199-203

Blind intubation through Laryngeal Mask Airway in a cannot intubate-difficult to ventilate patient with massive hematemesis

1 Unit of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Department of Medicine, Università Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, via Álvaro del Portillo 21, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Clinical Hospital Center “Zvezdara”, Belgrade, Serbia
3 Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Münster, Germany
4 Departement of Surgery, Anesthesia and Intensive Care Section, “GB Morgagni-L. Pierantoni” Hospital, Forlì, Italy
5 Anesthesia and Intensive Care, AOU Policlinico Vittorio Emanuele, Catania, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Giuseppe Pascarella
Via Alvaro del Portillo 200-00128, Rome
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_902_20

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Massive hematemesis could be challenging situation requiring emergency airway control and urgent surgical treatment. We report a case of difficult airway management with blind intubation through Laryngeal Mask Airway in a 56-year-old patient with massive hematemesis. After failed endoscopic attempts to stop bleeding, worsening of hemodynamics called for emergency intubation and surgery. After failed intubation attempts and face-mask ventilation worsening, a classic LMA was used for rescue ventilation and decision was made to intubate through LMA. The airway exchange was aided by a nasogastric tube (NGT) through LMA, confirmed with capnography and surgery was started successfully and uneventfully. Unexpected difficult airway can be extremely challenging situation, especially in emergency settings with no possibility to delay surgery. In those cases, literature suggests different intubating techniques through LMA. Blind intubation through LMA aided by NGT showed to be a suitable option in resources-limited settings, where advanced supraglottic devices and/or optical devices are not available.

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