Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 343-348

Pain perception assessment using the short-form McGill pain questionnaire after cardiac surgery

1 Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, KSA
2 Pharmacy, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre, Riyadh, KSA
3 College of Pharmacy, Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, KSA
4 Department of Research, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre, Riyadh, KSA
5 Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, KSA
6 Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre, Riyadh, KSA; Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
7 Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre; Department of Cardiac Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monirah A Albabtain
Department of Pharmacy, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, As-Sulimaniyah, Riyadh 12233
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_34_20

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Background: Pain management remains an integral part of patient care after cardiac surgery, and it required proper pain assessment. The aim of the study was to assess pain perception using validated Arabic version of the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and to identify analgesics prescribing patterns post cardiac surgery. Methods: This is a prospective study conducted in an adult cardiac critical care unit of a tertiary cardiac center from September 2018 to March 2019. The study enrolled 74 patients who underwent cardiac surgical procedures through a median sternotomy. Results: The mean age of our patients was 57 ± 11 years and 47 (63.5%) were males. Patients described post-cardiac surgery pain as heavy (n = 37; 50%) and tiring-exhausting (n = 49; 66%), mainly at the site of incision (n = 20; 27%). Pain intensity at day 1 according to pain rating index (PRI) and numerical rating scale (NRS) was 7 (25th, 75th percentiles: 2.8–15) and 6 (3–8), respectively. There was a significant change in pain intensity score between 2 days of assessment (PRI: 7 [2.8–15] vs 5 [2–11] P = 0.010; NRS: 6 (3–8) vs 5 (2–8), P = 0.021]). The most common analgesics prescribed were paracetamol (39%) and a combination of tramadol and paracetamol (33.8%). Conclusion: Pain decreased the second day after cardiac surgery compared to day 1. Paracetamol was the most prescribed analgesic; however, there was an underutilization which might be affected by insufficient pain reporting. Future improvement could focus on multimodal pain management and proper communication of pain experience.

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