Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 446-449

Adaptation of CARE (CAse REport) guidelines on published case reports in the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia

1 Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Surgery, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Abdelazeem Eldawlatly
Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_91_18

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Background: Toward improving the reporting quality of clinical case reports in the Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, we conducted this audit. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the different objectives for clinical case reports and to identify those subordinate items which seem most relevant from the CAse REport (CARE) checklist. Methods: We performed this pilot study on clinical case reports published in the Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia (SJA) in the past 5 years from 2013 to 2017. The journal publishes 4 issues/year that means 20 issues were studied. We used one online source to gather the clinical case reports which is the SJA website. A total of 84 case reports were studied. We have applied the 13th items in the CARE checklist on the case reports to determine their representations. Two reviewers abstracted data from all included papers to determine the adaptation of the CARE checklist. Data are presented as percentages of different subordinate items of the CARE guidelines. Results: None of the 84 case reports met all subordinate items of CARE guidelines, and only 5 subordinate items were reported fully met (100%). Patient perspective subordinate item was not mentioned in our series due to lack of data in the studied case reports. Therefore, only 12 subordinate items were included. We reported those adaptation percentages of the 12th subordinate items of the CARE checklist as follows: (a) title, keywords, abstract patient's biodata, and conclusion 100%; (b) main symptoms of the patients 97.6%; (c) timeline 78.5%; (d) diagnosis 94.0%; (e) treatment 97.6%; (f) strengths 85.7%; (g) literature review 94.0%; and (h) patient consent 33.4%. Conclusion: We believe that the CAse REport guidelines can provide an international framework for the authors to follow in writing their case reports and for the editors to use to ensure the completeness and readiness of the peer-reviewed case reports for publication. For the SJA, we have to apply the CARE checklist and to ensure all subordinate items are adapted including the patient's perspective subordinate item and to make sure that the consent form obtained and accompanied each submitted case reports.

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