Year : 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 359-364

Stress response in shoulder surgery under interscalene block, randomized controlled study comparing ultrasound guidance to nerve stimulation

Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hossam A Elshamaa
EBGH, King Fahad St., Alfaysaleia, P.O. Box 6519, Jeddah 21452, Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.159454

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Background: Shoulder surgeries are known to cause moderate to severe pain. Many techniques have been used successfully to minimize that stress response including interscalene block. Ultrasound guided techniques are becoming widely spread and commonly used for regional anesthesia. The objective of the present randomized controlled study is to compare the ultrasound guidance with nerve stimulation for interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) regarding the effect on stress response. Patients and Methods: 50 patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I, II, and III, undergoing shoulder surgery were enrolled in the current study. Group U patients (n = 25) received ultrasound guided IBPB and Group N patients (n = 25) received IBPB using nerve locator. IBPB was done under ultrasound guidance using the linear 13-6 MHz transducer of the SonoSite M-Turbo ultrasonic device. In both groups, venous blood samples to measure cortisol level and assess stress response as a primary outcome were collected. Results: The current study demonstrated that the stress response, as indicated by the cortisol level in blood, showed no significant difference in the preoperative blood level between Group U and Group N, as well as blood level after block and before skin incision. However, it differed significantly between the two groups postoperatively. Conclusion: The current study concluded that the use of ultrasound guidance for IBPB in shoulder surgeries offered a significant suppression of the stress response intraoperatively and postoperatively as indicated by the low cortisol level with less complications and easier technique compared to nerve location.

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