Year : 2010  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-85

Comparison of classic peribulbar anesthesia and new entry point (single percutaneous injection technique) in vitroretinal surgery

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Al-Azhar University, Egypt
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Tanta University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Tarek M El Said
AlMouwasat Hospital- South Ring Road- Exit 14, Al Riyadh-11521, Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.65130

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Purpose: To describe the method that seeks to improve the administration of regional anesthesia for vitroretinal surgery avoiding the risk of potential complications associated with other techniques through comparison of safety and efficacy of classic peribulbar anesthesia versus single percutaneous technique using a prospective, randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients were randomized to classic peribulbar and single percutaneous peribulbar technique after informed consent. Pain during administration of anesthesia, during surgery was graded on a visual analogue pain scale and compared for both techniques. Globe akinesia, analgesia and IOP measurements before and after administration of anesthesia, detection of distribution of local anesthetic agent by ultrasound scanning and complications related were also compared. Results: Twenty out of 50 (40%) patients of group 1(classic pirebulbar) and 36/50 (72%) of group II (single percutaneous technique) experience no pain during administration of anesthesia. Scores for globe akinesia and anesthesia were less satisfactory in group 1 and supplemental blocks required in 8% of the patients while in group II all of the patients (100%) showed proper globe akinesia and anesthesia. There were significant elevation in mean IOP following injection in both groups and the incidence of subconjunctival haemorrhage, chemosis and echymosis were more frequent in group 1. Conclusion: Single percutaneous peribulbar technique proved to be a safe and efficient technique that offers excellent anesthesia and akinesia with less complication for various ophthalmic procedures

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