Year : 2019  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 340-351

Efficacy of low dose bupivacaine with intrathecal fentanyl for cesarean section on maternal hemodynamic: Systemic review and meta-analysis

1 Department of Anesthesiology, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Dilla University, Ethiopia
2 Department of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Semagn Mekonnen Abate
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Dilla University, PO. Box: 914
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_17_19

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Hypotension during spinal Anesthesia is the most common complication with maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Low dose bupivacaine with intrathecal fentanyl is recommended as strategy to prevent spinal Anesthesia induced hypotension and related complications. The aim of this systemic review is to evaluate the efficacy of low dose bupivacaine with Intrathecal fentanyl on the improvement of maternal and neonatal outcomes compared to conventional dose bupivacaine among mothers who undergone cesarean section. We conducted a systemic search of the electronic databases of Pubmed, Medline, LILACS and others with PICO strategy for randomized controlled clinical trials comparing low dose bupivacaine with fentanyl and conventional dose bupivacaine for cesarean section. Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) standardized data extraction form was used for data extraction and finally entered into Review Manager for data synthesis. Ten Randomized trials (552) were included in this review. Incidence of hypotension was less likely in mothers who received low dose bupivacaine with Fentanyl as compared to those with conventional dose of bupivacaine alone (RR = 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.12-0.47, ten trials, 552 participants). The review revealed that Low dose bupivacaine combined with intrathecal Fentanyl decrease incidence of hypotension.

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