ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 318-324

Comparative evaluation of forced air warming and infusion of amino acid–enriched solution on intraoperative hypothermia in patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgeries: A prospective randomised study


Department of Onco-Anesthesiology and Palliative Medicine, DRBRAIRCH, AIIMS, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nishkarsh Gupta
437, Pocket A, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi - 110 076
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_839_18

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Background: Inadvertent core hypothermia is a common occurrence during general anaesthesia. Forced air warming (FAW) is the most effective perianaesthetic warming system, but it may lead to thermal discomfort. Amino acids (AAs) have been used to prevent hypothermia, but no study has compared the effect of AA infusion with FAW systems. We have conducted this study to compare the effects of external heating (FAW system) and internal heat generation (AA infusion) in preventing hypothermia during anaesthesia. Methods: After institutional review board approval, 80 American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I/II adult patients admitted for head and neck cancer surgeries lasting more than 2 h under general anaesthesia were included. The patients were randomly divided into two groups using computer-generated codes to receive AA infusion at 3 mL/kg/h, Group AA (N = 40), or normal saline at 3 mL/kg/h with FAW, Group FA (N = 40) till the end of surgery. Standard anaesthetic technique and monitoring was used in all the patients. Results: The baseline mean temperature in both the groups was comparable. The core temperature was similar in the two groups at 30 min (35.6 ± 0.54 vs 35.5 ± 0.54), 60 min (35.5 ± 0.63 vs 35.3 ± 0.60), 90 min (35.5 ± 0.79 vs 35.2 ± 0.66), 120 min (35.6 ± 0.93 vs 35.2 ± 0.78), 150 min (35.7 ± 0.88 vs 35.3 ± 0.89) and 180 min (35.8 ± 1.01 vs 35.3 ± 0.95) in Groups FA and AA, respectively (P > 0.05). However, the core temperature was significantly higher in Group FA at 210 min (35.8 ± 1.0 vs 35.3 ± 0.85; P = 0.01), 240 min (35.9 ± 1.0 vs 35.4 ± 0.90; (P = 0.001), 270 min (35.9 ± 1.12 vs 35.6 ± 0.97; P = 0.002) and 300 min (36.0 ± 1.12 vs 35.6 ± 1.02; P = 0.002), respectively. Clinically relevant hypothermia (at least one measurement <35.5°C) was comparable between the two groups. Conclusion: The AA infusion can be used as an alternative to FAW in preventing intraoperative hypothermia under general anaesthesia especially in places where FAW system is unavailable.


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