Previous article Table of Contents  Next article

LETTERS TO EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 359-360

Algorithms for successful repositioning of misplaced left-sided double-lumen tube inserted during lung/thoracic surgery


1 Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Central Health Services, New Delhi, India
2 Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uma Hariharan
Fellowship Oncoanesthesia & Advanced Regional Anesthesia, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Central Health Services, BH 41, East Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi - 110 088
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_629_17

Rights and Permissions
Date of Web Publication9-Mar-2018
 


How to cite this article:
Hariharan U, Shah SB, Bhargava AK. Algorithms for successful repositioning of misplaced left-sided double-lumen tube inserted during lung/thoracic surgery. Saudi J Anaesth 2018;12:359-60

How to cite this URL:
Hariharan U, Shah SB, Bhargava AK. Algorithms for successful repositioning of misplaced left-sided double-lumen tube inserted during lung/thoracic surgery. Saudi J Anaesth [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 May 27];12:359-60. Available from: http://www.saudija.org/text.asp?2018/12/2/359/227008



Sir,

Insertion of double-lumen tubes (DLTs) (Mallinckrodt) is challenging and is carried out in lung, chest wall, mediastinal, and spine surgeries. DLTs are generally inserted for lung isolation and one lung ventilation in thoracic surgery.[1] It is particularly employed for lung cancer surgeries (pneumonectomies). The indications for insertion of left- and right-sided DLTs are distinct and defined. There have been several instances of misplacement [2] of DLT during various stages of thoracic anesthesia. An experienced thoracic anesthesiologist is recommended for successful repositioning of a misplaced DLT. Left-sided DLTs are more commonly placed due to their greater safety margin [3] as compared to right-sided DLTs. Left-sided DLT can sometimes wrongly enter the right bronchus during placement. Confirmation of its position and tube readjustment is a risky procedure, which must be done under the guidance of a fiber-optic bronchoscope.[4] We hereby present a set of four algorithms for repositioning of a left-sided DLT accidentally misplaced into the right main bronchus. The supplemental use of a direct laryngoscope in addition to fiber-optic bronchoscope during tube readjustment is also highlighted. An experienced thoracic anesthesiologist supported by a second anesthesiologist is recommended for a successful outcome.[5] Care should be taken to ensure adequate patient oxygenation and hemodynamic stability during the repositioning. There is risk of loss of airway, hypoxia, bronchospasm, rupture of DLT cuff, airway trauma, and even dislodgement of fragile cancerous tissue during repositioning.[6] These algorithms may prove helpful in the training of anesthesia residents in thoracic anesthesia. Step-wise following of these four algorithms can ensure a safe and successful tube repositioning, with improved outcomes in all thoracic surgeries, including lung resections [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4].
Figure 1: Pyramidal algorithm for preparations to manage left-sided doublelumen tube misplaced into right bronchus

Click here to view
Figure 2: Flow chart algorithm citing options for readjustment or reinsertion of misplaced double-lumen tube using fiber-optic bronchoscope guidance and with or without direct laryngoscopy

Click here to view
Figure 3: Flow chart algorithm highlighting double-lumen tube railroading technique over fiber-optic bronchoscope and use of direct or videolaryngoscopy for misplaced double-lumen tube repositioning

Click here to view
Figure 4: Flowchart algorithm suggesting use of both direct laryngoscope and fiber-optic bronchoscope guidance in misplaced double-lumen tube readjustment and position confirmation

Click here to view


Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Campos JH. Current techniques for perioperative lung isolation in adults. Anesthesiology 2002;97:1295-301.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]    
2.
Seo JH, Bae JY, Kim HJ, Hong DM, Jeon Y, Bahk JH, et al. Misplacement of left-sided double-lumen tubes into the right mainstem bronchus: Incidence, risk factors and blind repositioning techniques. BMC Anesthesiol 2015;15:157.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Brodsky JB, Lemmens HJ. Left double-lumen tubes: Clinical experience with 1,170 patients. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003;17:289-98.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Klein U, Karzai W, Bloos F, Wohlfarth M, Gottschall R, Fritz H, et al. Role of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in conjunction with the use of double-lumen tubes for thoracic anesthesia: A prospective study. Anesthesiology 1998;88:346-50.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Campos JH, Hallam EA, Van Natta T, Kernstine KH. Devices for lung isolation used by anesthesiologists with limited thoracic experience: Comparison of double-lumen endotracheal tube, univent torque control blocker, and arndt wire-guided endobronchial blocker. Anesthesiology 2006;104:261-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Knoll H, Ziegeler S, Schreiber JU, Buchinger H, Bialas P, Semyonov K, et al. Airway injuries after one-lung ventilation: A comparison between double-lumen tube and endobronchial blocker: A randomized, prospective, controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2006;105:471-7.  Back to cited text no. 6
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

Top
 
Previous article    Next article
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  IN THIS Article
   References
   Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed56    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded13    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal