ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 209-214

Using dexamethasone as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine in epidural anesthesia to change the pain intensity and duration in painless labor


Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hassan Mohamed Ali
Department of Anesthesia, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Kasr Elaine Street, Cairo
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sja.SJA_435_17

Rights and Permissions

Background and Objective: This is a randomized controlled trial aiming at comparing the effectiveness of levobupivacaine alone versus a levobupivacaine with dexamethasone in the epidural injection for painless labor. Patients and Methods: This is a comparative randomized controlled double-blinded clinical trial with 49 patients were included in this study, all of them were primigravidas and were during vaginal delivery with a cervical dilatation ≥4 cm. Patients were included randomly in one of two groups either Group C (26 cases) with epidural levobupivacaine 0.125% in normal saline or Group D (23 cases) with epidural levobupivacaine 0.125% in normal saline combined with dexamethasone 8 mg. The duration of a second dose request, total dose given, neonatal outcome and adverse effects of epidural were recorded. Results: Group D showed a longer duration of analgesia than Group C (80.5 ± 12.39 min in Group D vs. 61.75 ± 10.74 min in Group C) with a P < 0.05 (0.001). Furthermore, the patients in Group D received smaller dose of levobupivacaine than those in Group C with a statistically significant difference (90.87 ± 33.42 vs. 127.21 ± 40.68 mg with P = 0.002). There were no statistical differences between the two groups regarding hemodynamics, pain score, neonatal outcome, and complications. Conclusion: Dexamethasone in epidural analgesia for painless labor has a prolonged duration of analgesia with no complications for both the mother and the infant.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed351    
    Printed9    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded73    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal