ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 144-151

Renal water conservation determines the increase in body weight after surgery: A randomized, controlled trial


Department of Patient Safety and Quality, Research Unit, Södertälje Hospital, Södertälje, Sweden

Correspondence Address:
Robert G Hahn
Research Unit, Södertälje Hospital, 152 86 Södertälje
Sweden
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.203018

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Background: The present study was undertaken to identify factors that correlate with the gain in body weight after surgery. Methods: Twenty-one patients (median age of 49 years) were randomized to receive either Ringer × s acetate or 6% dextran 70 as their first infusion fluid during cholecystectomy or hysterectomy. Each patient's body weight was measured before the surgery and on the first postoperative morning. Blood and urine samples were analyzed for signs of stress, inflammation, and kidney injury. The fluid retention index (FRI), which reflects how strongly the kidneys excrete or retain fluid, was also calculated. Results: The body weight increased by a median of 0.4 kg in the crystalloid fluid group and by 1.0 kg in the colloid fluid group (maximum 2.5 kg, P< 0.01). This difference was due to less urinary excretion after surgery in the colloid group (P < 0.03). The increase in body weight did not correlate with the infused fluid volume, the plasma concentrations of C-reactive protein or cortisol, or the urinary excretion of albumin, cortisol, or neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. However, the body weight increased with the postoperative FRI score (r = 0.64; P< 0.003) and with the surgery-induced change in FRI score (r = 0.72; P< 0.002). Conclusion: How strongly the kidneys excrete or retain fluid, which can be assessed by urine sampling, was the strongest indicator of the increase in body weight during the day of surgery. The amount of fluid alone did not correlate with the gain in body weight.


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