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EDITORIAL
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-3

Writing paper: Ladder and checklist


Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
A A Eldawlatly
Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.173583

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Date of Web Publication13-Jan-2016
 


How to cite this article:
Eldawlatly A A. Writing paper: Ladder and checklist. Saudi J Anaesth 2016;10:1-3

How to cite this URL:
Eldawlatly A A. Writing paper: Ladder and checklist. Saudi J Anaesth [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Dec 10];10:1-3. Available from: http://www.saudija.org/text.asp?2016/10/1/1/173583

There is increasing interest nowadays in scientific writing. [1],[2] The reason is the requirements of publications for promotion purposes as per the academic institutes' requirements. Currently, most of the academic institutes, for promotion purposes, put a condition for a promotion that some of the articles to be published in Institute Scientific Information journals. Therefore, many researchers are seeking to attend workshops on "how to write a paper" to get their papers published in reputable journals with high impact factor. The workshop on "how to write a paper" is well-established in different academic institutes worldwide. The structure of this workshop is almost the same in all centers with minor differences. We sought to establish such workshop and since 2 years, we are organizing and conducting it, and recently we organized it as an outreach program. This program includes a unique featured session. One of the sessions is a tour inside the editorial office of the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia. The aim of this tour is to give the participants an idea on the progress of their papers after submission to the journal and how the article is cycled starting from technical modification until decision taken, either acceptance or rejection. Moreover, through this tour in the editorial office of the journal the participant learns the different reviewers' comments and the authors' replies. This tour will help the researchers retrospectively how to write their papers guided by the peer reviewers' comments on different articles. Another featured session of this workshop is hands-on skills where we give the participants an article, and we edit/review it with them. We use to ask the participants to bring an article of their own, and we edit/review it as part of the learning process on how to write a paper. Two important additions we made recently in this workshop. First, the "Write Paper Ladder" (WPL) [Figure 1] and the "Write Paper CheckList" (WPCL) [Table 1]. In the WPL, we gathered all information given to the participants in a ladder format. The ladder consists of six boxes which give a briefing of the contents of different sections of the scientific paper after reading the instruction to authors of the target journal. For example, the title of the paper should be short, descriptive, and informative with no punctuation/acronym. The introduction section of the paper contains first a paragraph on the general background of the research subject followed by what is known/unknown of the subject in the literature and finally the research question. The introduction can be represented by the inverse hourglass with wide base and pointed apex. The methods are the easiest part of the paper which can be written even if the study unfinished. The methods should first contain a statement of the ethics approval with the registration number and date of approval and the trial registration on clinical trials government website with the number and date. The basic elements of the methods section are study design, settings, data collection, inclusion/exclusion criteria, data analysis, and statistical method. In the results section, the main interesting findings should be described first without interpretation followed by the unexpected results as well as the primary and secondary analyses. The results can be expressed in tables and figures and should not be repeated as text. The discussion section should start by answering the research question first then summary of the main findings of the study followed by 2-3 paragraphs on comparing the study results with other similar studies. Then, a paragraph on the study strengths/limitations. The discussion ends with a conclusion paragraph. The discussion section can be represented with an hourglass model with pointed apex and wide base. The structured abstract should be written last. The abstract contains background, methods, results, and finally conclusion. In this editorial, we also described the WPCL, which is a kind of checklist, that will help the author to ensure the fulfillment of the different sections of the scientific paper.
Figure 1: Writing paper ladder

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Table 1: Writing paper checklist

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We hope with these two additions the WPL and the WPCL to this workshop on "how to write a paper." We will be able to provide the researchers with a useful ladder to help them during writing of their manuscripts and also provide them with a kind of checklist to reach a complete manuscript suitable for publication in reputable journals.

 
  References Top

1.
Davidson A, McD Taylor D, Babl FE. Review article: A primer for clinical researchers in the emergency department: Part III: How to write a scientific paper. Emerg Med Australas 2012;24:357-62.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Lin PY, Kuo UR. A guide to write a scientific paper for new writers. Microsurgery 2012;32:80-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
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