Year : 2013  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

Equal ratio ventilation (1:1) improves arterial oxygenation during laparoscopic bariatric surgery: A crossover study

Department of Anesthesia and Surgical ICU, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Wesam Farid Mousa
Dammam University, PO Box 40081, Post Code 31952, Al-Khobar
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1658-354X.109559

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Background: Hypoxaemia and high peak airway pressure (Ppeak) are common anesthetic problems during laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Several publications have reported the successful improvement in arterial oxygenation using positive end expiratory pressure and alveolar recruitment maneuver, however, high peak airway pressure during laparoscopic bariatric surgery may limit the use of both techniques. This study was designed to determine whether equal I:E (inspiratory-to-expiratory) ratio ventilation (1:1) improves arterial oxygenation with parallel decrease in the Ppeak values. Methods: Thirty patients with a body mass index ≥40 kg/m 2 scheduled for laparoscopic bariatric surgery were randomized, after creation of pneumoperitoneum, to receive I:E ratio either 1:1 (group 1, 15 patients) or 1:2 (group 2, 15 patients). After a stabilization period of 30 min, patients were crossed over to the other studied I:E ratio. Ppeak, mean airway pressure (Pmean), dynamic compliance (Cdyn), arterial blood gases and hemodynamic data were collected at the end of each stabilization period. Results: Ventilation with I: E ratio of 1:1 significantly increased partial pressure of O 2 in the arterial blood (PaO 2 ), Pmean and Cdyn with concomitant significant decrease in Ppeak compared to ventilation with I: E ratio of 1:2. There were no statistical differences between the two groups regarding the mean arterial pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, end tidal CO 2 or partial pressure of CO 2 in the arterial blood. Conclusion: Equal ratio ventilation (1:1) is an effective technique in increase PaO 2 during laparoscopic bariatric surgery. It increases Pmean and Cdyn while decreasing Ppeak without adverse respiratory or hemodynamic effects.

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